Tag Archive for india

Women in India advocate for their right to work

women india

A recent feature by the New York Times —In India, a Small Band of Women Risk It All for a Chance to Work—, highlights the continued obstacles that women in the country face in obtaining and holding jobs. India may be the world´s largest democracy but a vast swath of the population still lack basic rights and necessities – people such as Geeta and Premwati, women who have braved ostracism and much physical violence to continue working at nearby factories and continue earning their daily salary of 200 rupees, or 3 dollars.

Indeed, that is where the trouble stems from. For decades the main source of income for the women of Peepli Khera (Rajasthan State) , where Geeta and Premwati live, has been begging. In the past year however, many women were able to find employment in newly opened factories and have begun to out-earn men, undermining the old order. As a result, the men, led by village chief Roshan, decreed that women should not work in the factory, supposedly to avoid sexual advances by other men. “Life was much better 20 years back, ” he says. “It was a nice society. Now women are going out and meeting other strange men.”

In an unprecedented move though, the women fought back, taking their case to court even as they risked ostracism from everyone they knew and physical violence to them and their loved ones.
The story faced by women like Geeta and Premwati is not unique – all over the world, millions of women and other historically marginalized groups are subject to continued oppression and injustice. This is a major challenge that must be overcome if a Shared Society is ever to be built.

The Club de Madrid has developed the Shared Societies Project as a way to achieve an integrated society. In this framework it has developed 10 Commitments, including Commitment V:

Take steps to deal with economic disadvantages face by sections of society who are discriminated against, and ensure equal access to opportunities and resources”

While stories articles such as this one may appear discouraging, simply the fact that they are getting attention builds the awareness needed to produce change.

 

Photo credit: Andrea Bruce, NYT

Social Cohesion, Social Inequality and Social Participation in India

Protap Mukherjee on Social Cohesion, Social Inequality and Social Participation in India, at the Shared Societies International Workshop held in Maastricht(May 2012).

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Protap Mukherjee is Research Associate at National Population Stabilisation Fund

The Role of Human Development in Economic Transformation: Lessons from Mauritus

New expert comment on Shared Societies!

Speech at the Delivering Inclusive and Sustainable Development Conference by Cassam Uteem, Member of the Club de Madrid and President of the Republic of Mauritius (1992-1997, 1997- 2002).

The Role of Human Development in Economic Transformation: Lessons from Mauritus

Guest Author: Cassam Uteem

The general theme of this conference is Delivering Inclusive and Sustainable Development. Let me tell you what I understand by sustainable development. Too often we tend to conceive development entirely in terms of economic growth. And yet development should in no way be confused with economic growth although they are inextricably connected .Development transcends the narrow concept of a rise in GDP or , per capita income. Just enjoying high per capita income is no substitute for development. The wealth created in a country must trickle down to the people and this implies an equitable and fair distribution. This implies a right to a job: a job is the most effective vehicle of ensuring social inclusion for a job firmly anchors somebody in life bestowing dignity to him or to her.

» Read more..

Delivering Inclusive and Sustainable Development – SUMMING UP

By Clem McCartney*

Before referring to the content of the deliberations it is appropriate to refer to the tone of the presentations and discussions, because they facilitated a meaningful debate.

TONE AND FLOW OF DISCUSSION

In the main the speakers had come well prepared to tackle the issue posed by the title of the conference – how to deliver “inclusive and sustainable development”.

The tone was very positive and encouraging.  Some of the presentations and comments from the floor were pessimistic about the current situation, with good reason, but they were all positively critical in trying to see ways forward.  The general tone was exploratory, “digging down” into the issues as one person said.  As the confgernece centred in on core challenges, the same issues recurred but at a deeper level of analysis and from different perspectives.

This review therefore takes the same approach rather than dealing with the sessions in chronological order.

What was the trajectory of this exploration?

» Read more..

Economic development in India? Yes, but shared by all!

We stumbled across this interesting interview through India Real Time, a deeply intriguing blog about Indian politics hosted by the The Wall Street Journal. Nikita Garia speaks with Former Indian President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (2002-2007) about Indian economic development. Abdul Kalam has authored several books on the subject, including his latest work, Target 3 Billion, co-authored alongside Srijan Pal Singh, a rural development expert. As we read in the post, “Mr. Kalam tackles the big issue of how to eradicate poverty from the world. The book promotes a strategy known as PURA, Provision of Urban Amenities in Rural Areas, which focuses on fostering community participation to reduce poverty in rural areas”.

India Real Time: How can the urban elite contribute to rural development?

Abdul Kalam: First, you can be a giver of knowledge to help identify and nurture the rural potential. Engineers can identify the best technology to harness these competencies, while managers can help find suitable markets for products and so on.

Moreover, the youth can even choose to become entrepreneurs of rural India, by identifying and focusing on the competencies of rural regions. Besides the service you are providing to your nation, the rural regions also have tremendous business potential, as we have highlighted.

 

Here you find the interview.

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