Cohesion amongst Mali’s diverse sub-Saharan ethnic groups on the brink…

Thought that you had seen the back of Col Muammar Gaddafi? Sadly, not necessarily! Unwittingly and unknowingly to the deceased tyrant, his past decisions to arm and finance nomadic Tuarges in Mali are presently having a destabilising and rupturing effect in the West African state.

Violence and strife has erupted and gathered worrying momentum since the beginning of this year, shattering cohesion within this ethnically heterogeneous society. Nomadic Tuaregs, who are considered an indigenous tribe in the region, and whose community spans across Mali, Libya, Algeria, Niger and Burkino Faso, have entered into conflict with forces loyal to Mali President Amadou Toumani Touré.

In pictures: Malians flee Tuareg rebels

Heavily armed upon return from fighting alongside Col Muammar Gaddafi in the dying days of his grip over Libya, a fresh bout of violence has taken root within the country, displacing in excess of an estimated 130,000 people according to the UNHCR.

Historically in Mali, the Tuareg have long called for the creation of an independent state and have risen up against the Malian government a number of times since the 1960s. Catch up with the latest developments in Mali here, with this BBC report:

Mali clashes displace nearly 130,000, UN warns





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