Archive for SSP related News and Videos

Diversity Schools in Georgia

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The Diversity School is an educational program implemented by the NGO Iris Group in Georgia in the South Caucasus.  It offers young activists a platform of capacity building and ideas execution. The program strives for a pluralistic society “focusing on educating young people to give them the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to strengthen a tolerant Georgian society.”

More specifically, the Diversity School Programme aims to increase the inclusion of minorities while promoting equal opportunities in school and youth employment. On the program’s website the organization stated the main objectives and values, among them:

  • to promote a pluralism of identities enabling members of different social groups in Georgia to better understand each other” and;
  •  “to empower young people to use the potential offered by diversity to shape Georgia’s future as a country with space for a variety of ethnic groups, each possessing a broad range of aspirations and beliefs.

To participate in the Diversity School activities candidates must be aged between 18 and 24, have an affinity with ethnic minority issues, be active in the local community and have an interest in diversity education and youth activism.

The NGO Iris Group was founded in Tbilisi in 2010 as a non-profit and non-governmental organization with a main purpose “to support young people to figure out their potential, use the strength of diversity and contribute to the development of their society by active participation.” Prior to 2012, the activities of Iris Group were mainly focused on the South Caucasus region (Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan). Since then Iris group has started to implement activities in Russia and Turkey working with ethnic minorities and strengthening them to become full members of the society.

Through workshops and specific material the organization provides resources for project management, mentoring, non-formal education and development of Educational Programs in the field of active citizenship. One of these training activities was published in an article in the local newspaper Georgia Today, where one of the participants mentioned that “Diversity School taught me to write, gave me experience as a project manager and taught me to overcome hardships (…).”

As stated in a European Parliament report[1], Georgia is the most ethnically diverse state in the South Caucasus. Its minorities constitute 16% of the population including large Armenian and Azeri minorities, each speaking their own language. Georgians themselves are divided into four separate groups: Georgians proper, Megrelians, Svans and Laz. The report highlighted that minorities are poorly represented in the political system and state structures. In the 150-member Georgian Parliament there are three Armenians and three Azeris. Insufficient knowledge of Georgian, the national working language, among minorities hampers more active participation by them in the decision-making process of the country.

The Diversity School program alludes to one of the fundamental components of Shared Societies Project, the creation of a shared vision of society at local and national level through projects in schools and other institutions in order for young people to think about their society and their place in it and the place for other identity groups. Initiatives such as the project implemented in Georgia encourage young people to envisage a shared society for the future.

The Club de Madrid has had a long interest in Georgia as one of the countries coming out of the Soviet Bloc, and at present is considering a more active involvement to help the government and people to work on diversity issues.



[1] Directorate General for External Policies, European Parliament: “Minorities in the South Caucasus: New visibility amid old frustrations”, June 2014.

 

Foreign Migrants in Johannesburg

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On May 7, the book titled “Healing communities, transforming society: Exploring the interconnectedness between psycho-social needs, practice and peace-building” was launched in Johannesburg, South Africa.

This publication was written by Professor Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela from the University of the Free State in South Africa, Dr. Ingrid Palmary from the African Center for Migration and Society and Professor Brandon Hamber at the International Conflict Research Institute in Northern Ireland. It offers personal reflections about precarious life in the city of Johannesburg for foreign migrants.

According to the book, migrants in Johannesburg are facing “opportunities, challenges, moral orders and relationships in this iconic and complex city”. The book analyzes those challenges through their interaction with organisations, such as churches, brothels, shelters, political movements, counseling services or art projects. From a mental health perspective, the publication describes in-depth case studies on how migrants seek support beyond traditional mechanisms for those in distress. Those case studies cover a diversity of groups of people in Johannesburg including refugees, homeless people, sex workers and former soldiers from across the African continent

In addition, a recent report on the effects of migration on urbanization in South Africa, posted by the research body, African Centre for Migration and Society, on May 2015, roughly 4.4% of the South African population was born outside of the country and 3% of the population within South Africa has moved across internal borders. These population movements have resulted in rapid growth of urban areas and a challenge for social cohesion at the local level.

In the framework of the Shared Societies Project, this book alludes to one fundamental goal of SSP: working with leaders and organizations to help them confront challenges to coexistence. As reinforced by the authors, by ensuring that individuals have equal access to economic and material resources in order to satisfy their social, physical and economic needs, as a result they are able to play an active part in the development of the host country.

Cities like Johannesburg, which is one of the biggest in the African continent, are true laboratories of political and social innovation. Here, political leaders have a great responsibility to use this social transformation capacity to build Shared Societies and provide models of good practice.

Housing and Social Cohesion in Singapore

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On February 26, speaking at the inaugural Real Estate Developers’ Association of Singapore mentorship program for students, Mr. Chan Chun Sing, Minister for Social and Family Development said that “While the Government might build flats, achieving the aim of greater mixing across social divides called for more than this, as it entails people being willing to interact and foster strong community ties. Good design and careful planning can help foster this.” During the event, housing and social cohesion issues were discussed by the Minister, architects and real estate developers, as reported in an article in the Singapore newspaper, The Straits Time.

According to the 2010 Singapore Census of Population[1], ethnic Chinese constitute the majority of the population with 74.2 per cent; ethnic Malays 13.4 per cent; ethnic Indians 9.2 per cent; and other ethnic groups, including Eurasians, represent 3.2 per cent. Due to his, the Government introduced the Ethnic Integration Policy in order to prevent the formation of ethnic enclaves and, more generally, to promote racial harmony. Under this policy, each of the main ethnic groups has a maximum quota of homes that may be rented or purchased by them in each public housing block and neighborhood. Once the maximum quota has been reached for a particular ethnic group, no further sale or rental of apartments to members of that group will be allowed, unless the transaction is between members of the same ethnic group.

On March 2011, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance published a report about Singapore in which it was stated that “common spaces and shared facilities such as playgrounds or fitness corners enable all communities to regularly interact and to gain entrance into each other’s world of food, festivals or social customs.” In particular, the Special Rapporteur’s attention was drawn to the “void decks” situated on the ground floor of each public housing block. These shared open spaces, where weddings, funerals or group games frequently take place, were highlighted as representing an important element of multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural life in Singapore.

In addition to this, the United Nations Human Settlement Program, UN-HABITAT, noted in a report published in 2011 that “As Singapore is a multi-racial, multi-cultural society; social harmony is a very important factor for stability and growth. Thus, the Ethnic Integration Policy has been established to ensure that racial enclaves are not formed within public housing developments”, adding in conclusion that “public housing policies in Singapore are convenient, efficient and effective tools by which the government could employ to achieve its social and economic goals.”

This public policy shows the benefits of working with planners, architects and academics identifying how our physical environment impacts on social cohesion. This is one of the commitments (Number VI) and fundamental components of the Shared Society Project. As reinforced by the different reports, the Singapore Housing Policy encourages mixed communities, enabling local authorities to ensure opportunities for building Shared Societies..



[1] http://www.singstat.gov.sg/

I am an immigrant

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On 9th April, the BBC News website published “Election 2015: Campaign seeks to put pro-immigration case”, an article describing an election campaign based on the migrant population´s contribution to the UK.

As a consequence of  the rising arguments putting pressure on immigrants and their impact on public services during the current general elections campaign, the nonprofit organization Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants (JCWI) has launched the “I am an immigrant” campaign. This campaign is made up of first hand messages on the immigrant’s contributions to the British society, specifically to the welfare system.

The JCWI is spreading the campaign nation–wide, using real migrants’ pictures and their own experiences as workers and citizens.  It is designed under an encouraging premise: “Our campaign seeks to challenge the negative rhetoric against immigrants, celebrate them and provide them with a platform to share their story.”

The BBC article  interviewed the people who are the faces of the campaign including Mr Chelvan, who arrived in the UK from Sri Lanka.  He said “the reason for this is that various political parties felt they were losing the debate on Europe on other issues, so migration is the easiest way of opening the anti-Europe debate”. Mr Chelvan says many of those who are against immigration “fear difference” and often blame migrants.

Saira Grant, legal and policy director at the JCWI stated that their campaign is not party political, but argues “it is absolutely ridiculous for parties to put a specific cap on net migration”.

In the framework of the Shared Societies Project, we are convinced that initiatives directed at embracing diversity and cultural identities have a particularly crucial part in societies where negative stereotypes and fear of strangers are being used to gain political advantage. Steps such as the one explored in the article encourage respect and appreciation of cultural, religious and ethnic diversity, and understanding of the contribution that diversity can bring – basic premises in building social cohesion.

“The Shared Society: A vision for the Global Future of Latin America”

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Club de Madrid Member Alejandro Toledo, former President of Peru, has just published his new book The Shared Society: A vision for the Global Future of Latin America. In this publication, the former President puts forth a proposal to minimize inequality, preserve the ecosystem, and strengthen democracy in Latin America. Toledo argues that only extraordinary efforts of vision, determination, courage and inspired leadership will set Latin America on the path to inclusive development, a manifesto for creating the ideal Shared Society.

I am a member of the Club de Madrid, a nonprofit organization of over 90 former leaders of democratic countries. The Club de Madrid has led the way in pushing for the creation of global and local shared societies through the Shared Societies Project. I believe that if we actively work to construct a Shared Society, our vision for Latin America’s future will be achieved.

Toledo states his vision of an inclusive Latin America where economic growth is combined with equitable distribution of its gains for all.

Shared Societies’ economies also reduces costs related to intersocietal tensions, like law enforcement, security, and the repair of damage caused by violence or protests.

The author restated the basic principles for building Shared Societies:

  1. Respect for the dignity of every individual.
  2. Equality and fairness.
  3. Respect for human rights and the rule of law.
  4. Democracy.

Toledo´s vision of Shared Societies emphasizes the cultural diversity of the Latin American people and encourages this diversity as a unique perspective on the region´s challenges. Regional integration and collaboration with “the fastest-growing region in the world: the Asia-Pacific rim” are seen by the author as competitive advantages to compete in the global economy. In this vision, Latin America will also share the benefits and profits more equitably as its economy advances, transforming the high proportion of Latin Americans now living in poverty into a vibrant and expanding middle class.

On April 22, President Toledo will take part in a discussion at a launch event of “The Shared Society: A vision for the Global Future of Latin America” at the Council of the Americas in New York.

The Diversity Advantage Challenge

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The Shared Societies Project has been involved in the “Diversity Advantage Challenge“, an initiative supported by the ICC/Council of Europe in an effort to promote a new approach to managing increasingly diverse societies based on the concept of diversity advantage. It aims at raising awareness among the public about the benefits of diversity and to provide a large number of examples of how organizations, businesses and cities which have realized these benefits by creating innovative products, services, ideas and initiatives.

NETPLUSS Member Kinga Göncz was selected as a member of the jury of the Diversity Advantage Challenge in representation of the Shared Societies Project. The final stage of this process will be held next week on 24 March in Strasbourg in the framework of the plenary session of the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe.

This process has represented a great opportunity to learn from key local stakeholders from difference cultural (ethnic, religious, linguistic) backgrounds that are greatly committed to the design of innovative policies and initiatives which contributes to the dissemination of the notion of Shared Societies at the local level.

These are the 5 finalist that will be presenting during the final session:

  • Ordinary Heroes, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • La diversité à l’œuvre: des habitants charpentiers d’une nouvelle dynamique dans leur quartier!, France.
  • NDM –for more diversity in the media, Germany
  • Festival O Bairro i o Mundo, Portugal.
  • XEIX, Fostering intercultural relations around local businesses, Spain

Video presentations of the finalist’s projects are available here: http://www.coe.int/t/DG4/CULTUREHERITAGE/CULTURE/DIVERSITY/

The winner will be announced at the prize-giving ceremony and we will publish additional information of each of the finalists in the blog during the next days.

We wish all the finalists the best of luck!

 

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