President of Germany, 2004-2010
Date and Place of Birth:
22 February 1943, Skierbieszów, Poland
In 1977, Mr Köhler earned a Doctorate in Economics and Political Science from the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, where he also holds an honorary professorship today.
Horst Köhler served as ninth President of the Federal Republic of Germany between 2004 and 2010. During his term of office he was pushing for domestic economic and education reforms, advocated for stronger sustainability policies and was an early proponent of better regulated financial markets. On foreign issues, Mr. Köhler called for a human dimension to globalization and was a staunch campaigner for poverty eradication and a better European- African partnership.
Horst Köhler was appointed as State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Finance in 1990. In this position he negotiated both the withdrawal of Soviet troops from the GDR and the Maastricht Treaty on European Monetary Union. He also served as Personal Representative of Federal Chancellor Helmut Kohl for the World Economic Summits of the then G7.
In 1993, Horst Köhler left public administration to become President of the German Savings Banks Association, before being appointed President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in 1998.
In 2000, he became Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He held this position until his election as Federal President in 2004. During his tenure at the IMF, he led efforts to resolve financial crises in a number of countries. In addition, he focused the Fund’s attention on the HIPC-initiative and macroeconomic stability of African countries.
From 2012 to 2013, Horst Köhler was a member of the UN Secretary General’s High Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. From 2016 to 2017 Horst Köhler co-chaired, together with Kofi Annan, a Special Panel advising the African Development Bank on the implementation of its strategic priorities.
In August 2017, Horst Köhler was appointed by the United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, to be his Personal Envoy for Western Sahara.