Hacia una democracia efectiva

Promoting dialogue for democratic reform in Haiti

Bandera Unión Europea     A Club de Madrid Initiative implemented with the financial support of the European Union

Madrid, HaitiSince the 2010 earthquake, Haiti has mainly switched from a humanitarian aid phase to a development phase. However, persistent political instability could jeopardize the progress being made. Haiti faces urgent challenges in the field of governance, such as the holding of elections to renew the Senate and local authorities, the tense relations between the executive and legislative branches, the inability of parliamentary groups to agree on legislative and governmental initiatives. In the medium term, Haiti should adopt and implement democratic reforms ensuring an inclusive and participative approach.

In this context, the Club de Madrid and the European Union have launched a project aiming at supporting Haitian leaders to overcome the current political challenges and, at the same time, promoting dialogue to address Haiti’s structural obstacles to democratic reform.

 

 

 

Objectives

 

  • Club de Madrid, haitiTo establish multi-stakeholder areas for dialogue and negotiation so as to bring together the country’s key players in order to reflect on commonly identified democratic governance priorities.
  • To accompany Haitian leaders in the management of immediate political challenges and support them in their search for solutions.
  • To promote dialogue regarding democratic reforms in the medium and long-term in order to find pragmatic agreements leading to political actions.

 

The  Initiative

 

Club de Madrid, HaitiClub de Madrid members will be working directly with Haiti’s political leaders (President, Prime Minister and their cabinets, heads of Parliament and opposition political parties) over a period of 18 months, providing peer-to-peer strategic and independent counsel and support. This initiative is structured around six high level missions. These will allow Club de Madrid members, in coordination with the European Union, to accompany the Haitian leaders and main stakeholders in their discussions, actions and policies. The aim is to offer relevant support in designing their own solutions to face key challenges such as social cohesion, state reform, the electoral process, constitutional reform, building an enabling environment for investments and judicial reform. Project objectives will be achieved through bilateral meetings with Haitian leaders, the facilitation of multi-stakeholder workshops, targeted consultations and working sessions with civil society, academia,  the private sector and religious leaders; the development of working documents and briefing papers on specific topics to inform dialogue and negotiations, and public outreach activities such as conferences on democratic governance.

 

Topics 

 

  • Club de Madrid, HaitiSocial Cohesion: Haiti presents extreme inequality in the distribution of income, a high poverty rate, deficient institutional capacities, a lack of economic opportunities and social mobility, endemic unemployment and underemployment and consequently a potential for social violence.
  • State reform: The aim of the ongoing reform is to move towards a modern, efficient State, by developing and enhancing the institution’s administrative capacities as well as putting in place transparent and efficient procedures.
  • Elections: The aim is to ensure that the long overdue elections for the renewal of the Senate and the local authorities are carried out, in a fair, transparent and inclusive manner.
  • Constitutional reform: The 1987 Constitution needs to be revised with a view to rationalizing the electoral calendar, clarifying the electoral procedures and streamlining the relevant institutional structures.
  • Promotion of investment: 70% of the Haitian population does not have a formal job. Although employment and investment are government priorities, political instability does not contribute to attracting investors. Public-private partnerships require public policies designed to ensure stability and an enabling environment for businesses. 
  • Judicial reform: To make progress towards ensuring the independence of the Judiciary from the political power.

 

Publications 

 

 

In Collaboration with:

INURED

Club de Madrid
Palacio del Marqués de Cañete. Calle Mayor, 69, 1ª planta, 28013 Madrid - España
Tel +34 911 548 230 Fax +34 911 548 240
E-mail: clubmadrid@clubmadrid.org