Basic information on cookies
A cookie is a small information file that is stored in your browser every time you visit our website.
Cookies are used to keep a log of your activities on our website, in order to identify you on future visits and configure the content based on your browsing habits, identity and preferences.
Users are free to delete, accept, block and delete cookies. This can be done using the options in this window or through the browser's settings, as appropriate.
The correct operation of the different functions of our website cannot be guaranteed if cookies are rejected.
See the "COOKIES POLICY" section on our website for further details.

Serge Stroobants: “The only connection between terrorism and migration is that terrorism produces migration” Serge Stroobants: “The only connection between terrorism and migration is that terrorism produces migration”

Jan 252019

Serge Stroobants: “The only connection between terrorism and migration is that terrorism produces migration”

The World Leadership Alliance – Club de Madrid joins the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) and the Instituto de Cuestiones Internacionales y Política Exterior (INCIPE) to present the Global Terrorism Index in Madrid.

Serge Stroobants, Director for Europe and MENA operations of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), presented the findings of the Global Terrorism Index on January 23 in Madrid, noting that deaths by terrorism overall fell by 27% during 2017.

Throughout the year 2017, 96 countries improved their scores (meaning that terrorist attacks declined), while 46 countries deteriorated (meaning they suffered more terrorist attacks). The largest degradations took place in Somalia and Egypt due to large-scale attacks taking place in their soil.

The Global Terrorism Index was presented in Madrid in collaboration with the World Leadership Alliance - Club de Madrid (WLA - Club de Madrid) and the Instituto de Cuestiones Internacionales y Política Exterior (INCIPE) is produced annually by the IEP, an organization that seeks to create a world that is more peaceful and fulfilling and that also releases the Global Peace Index.

When discussing the drivers of terrorism Mr Stroobants highlighted how a lack of democratic development often fuels conflict and violence, which leads to an increase in terrorism. The WLA - Club de Madrid’s work in projects such as Shared Societies and Preventing Violent Extremism, as well as the general goal of the organization – democratic development – can contribute in this area.

Terrorism fell steadily in Europe

Deaths by terrorism in Europe fell by 75% in 2017 after a sustained increase between 2013 and 2016. Still, one has to note that Western Europe and North America account for only 1% of the terrorist incidents that take place globally.

“Attacks like the ones in Paris and Brussels should normally not occur anymore”, said the Director of Operations for Europe and the MENA region at the Institute for Economics and Peace.

The defeat of Daesh has strained the logistical capabilities of the terrorist group, limiting its ability to perpetrate large-scale attacks, like the ones that struck Paris and Brussels. Despite their financial and territorial losses, Daesh remained the deadliest terrorist group, albeit deaths attributed to them fell sharply.

On a negative side, the Global Terrorism Index finds that terrorism is still very much a global phenomenon since 67 different countries across the globe registered at least one death from terrorism. The report also points to a rise in far-right terrorism during 2017.

Drivers of terrorism

In developed countries, the Global Terrorism Index finds that a lack of inclusion, social cohesion and alienation are intrinsically linked to the radicalization of individuals that might then perpetrate terrorist attacks. Mr Stroobants said he has advised governments in Western Europe to pay closer attention to the last phase of migration: integration. But is there a link between migration in terrorism?

The only connection between terrorism and migration is that terrorism produces migration”, said Mr Stroobants, who added that having crushed “Daesh’s capabilities”, Western powers have not defeated its “ideology” or the root causes behind radicalization. Governments should focus much more on the causes now. 

Another important driver for terrorism is violent conflict. Over 99% of deaths related to terrorism have occurred in countries that are involved in one. Similarly, the Global Terrorism Index finds that countries that suffered from foreign interventions also register a rise in terrorist activity.

GET INVOLVED

GET INVOLVED

WE CAN'T DO IT ALONE

Club de Madrid is committed to advancing democracy worldwide. With your
support, we can advance democratic values and foster social and political change.
You can help ensure a sustainable future for the next generations by joining our
efforts in a variety of ways. Here’s how you can make a difference.