The Yorkshire English Defense League decided few days ago to demonstrate outside the Bull Lane mosque in York, Great Britain. The gathering had been promoted via facebook as a reaction to the killing of a British soldier in a London Street. The Islamophobia was spiking and incidents reported by Tell MAMA (Monitoring Anti-Muslim Attacks) were [...]
Hollie McNish, a published UK poet and artist, made this spoken word called “Mathematics” to criticise one extended cliché in her country: that inmigrants are stealing jobs to british people. A creative way to support a world with more Shared Societies. Remember this lyrics! Cos sometimes one that comes makes two And sometimes one can [...]
In 1967 the Figueiredo report caused an outcry after it revealed crimes against Brazil’s indigenous population: genocide, torture, rape and enslavement during the military dictatorship were described in it. The report was first silenced and then “lost” for the last 40 years. Thanks to an investigation conducted by The Guardian, it has been rediscovered, highlighting [...]
President of the Club de Madrid, Wim Kok, and Member Kjell Magne Bondevik led a mission to identify potential work to support national efforts in transition to Democracy Wim Kok, President of the Club de Madrid and former Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Kjell Magne Bondevik, former Prime Minister of Norway, led a second [...]
The Yorkshire English Defense League decided few days ago to demonstrate outside the Bull Lane mosque in York, Great Britain. The gathering had been promoted via facebook as a reaction to the killing of a British soldier in a London Street. The Islamophobia was spiking and incidents reported by Tell MAMA (Monitoring Anti-Muslim Attacks) were rising. The conditions for a violent case of religious fighting were all set up, but this time tea, biscuits and football served up as an intelligent and wholehearted approach was able to turn a problem into a happy ending story and an example that, even under tight conditions, a shared society is possible.
Just six followers of the EDL far right group turned up to protest at the mosque and, to their surprise, they were invited to have tea and biscuits. Imam Abid Salik said: “We did have a few people who did come to protest but when they came some of the members of the mosque went over and they engaged in a conversation.
“Some people went over with cups of tea and biscuits, they were talking for about 30 or 40 minutes and then they came inside, which was a really, really beautiful thing.”
For Neil Barnes, Hull Road ward councilor that was a “proud moment for York”. He said, “I don’t think I’ll ever forget the day that the York Mosque tackled anger and hatred with peace and warmth – and I won’t forget the sight of a Muslim offering a protester tea and biscuits with absolute sincerity.”
The mosque reaction was also praise by Archbishop of York Dr John Sentamu who described the response as “fantastic”, and underlined that “tea, biscuits, and football are a great and typically Yorkshire combination when it comes to disarming hostile and extremist views.”
Despite all the tense scenes seen across Britain these days, this hasn’t been the only interfaith solidarity episodes. In Leicester, Justin Welby, the Archbishop of Canterbury and head of the Church of England, visited the city last week in a show of support to Muslim leaders, praising the diverse city, where just under a fifth of residents are Muslim, as a “a shining example of how communities work together”.
Hollie McNish, a published UK poet and artist, made this spoken word called “Mathematics” to criticise one extended cliché in her country: that inmigrants are stealing jobs to british people. A creative way to support a world with more Shared Societies. Remember this lyrics!
Cos sometimes one that comes makes two
And sometimes one can add three more
And sometimes two times two is much much more
And most times immigrants bring more
In 1967 the Figueiredo report caused an outcry after it revealed crimes against Brazil’s indigenous population: genocide, torture, rape and enslavement during the military dictatorship were described in it. The report was first silenced and then “lost” for the last 40 years. Thanks to an investigation conducted by The Guardian, it has been rediscovered, highlighting again the terror against Brazilian indigenous tribes, raising the question of whether their situation has improved over the years or not. The answer is that after all these years their reality is too much the same and that the implementation of the IX Shared Societies Project Commitment “Promote respect, understanding and appreciation of diversity” is far from being reached.
The document, was submitted by the public prosecutor Jader de Figueiredo Correia. The over 7,000 pages-long text held the Indian Protection Service (widely known as the SPI) responsible for much of the catalogue of atrocities and suffering caused and even for the extermination of some tribes, the very people it was supposed to protect.
Under its founder Marshall Cândido Rondon, the SPI started with high ideals, but it later suffered from bureaucracy and corruption. This neglect worsened into a terrible litany of persecution and exploitation on the part of SPI officials.
When the investigation was released it caused a huge social and political storm. In 1969 the Sunday Times, sent writer Norman Lewis to investigate. His article, ‘Genocide’, shocked the public and led to the founding of Survival International. Despite all of the outcry and the fact that 134 officials were charge of being allegedly involved in more than 1,000 crimes, nobody was jailed. The National Truth Commission, which is investigating human rights violations between 1947 and 1988, believes that some tribes, such as those in Maranhão, were completely wiped out. In one case, in Mato Grosso, only two survivors emerged to tell of an attack on a community of 30 Cinta Larga Indians with dynamite dropped from aeroplanes. Figueiredo also details how officials and landowners lethally introduced smallpox into isolated villages and donated sugar mixed with strychnine.
The report was believed to have been destroyed by a fire at the agriculture ministry soon after it came out, prompting suspicions of a cover-up by the dictatorship and its allies among the big landowners. The document was highly embarrassing for the military regime and a censored press ensured it was rarely mentioned again. The SPI was replaced by another agency, Funai, but tribes continue to struggle against illegal loggers, miners, government dam-builders and ranchers
Survival International’s director, Stephen Corry, has stated that nothing has changed when it comes to the impunity regarding the murder of Indians. “Gunmen routinely kill tribespeople in the knowledge that there’s little risk of being brought to justice – none of the assassins responsible for shooting Guarani and Makuxi tribal leaders have been jailed for their crimes. It’s hard not to suspect that racism and greed are at the root of Brazil’s failure to defend its indigenous citizens’ lives,” he said.
“This documentation, which was hidden for many decades, sheds light on conflict situations that endure today. For states like Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, Bahia and Amazonas, it contains lots of information that can help reveal once and for all the truth behind many forms of violence against Indians today and provide an insight into the real owners of the land in dispute.”
It is sad that the indigenous people have been seen as an obstacle to progress when they should have been recognized as guardians of the environments whose warnings about the destruction of the habitat and their way of life have been vindicated by subsequent events. The rest of us are only beginning to understand their insights about the precarious of the balance of nature.
President of the Club de Madrid, Wim Kok, and Member Kjell Magne Bondevik led a mission to identify potential work to support national efforts in transition to Democracy
Wim Kok, President of the Club de Madrid and former Prime Minister of the Netherlands and Kjell Magne Bondevik, former Prime Minister of Norway, led a second high level mission of the organization to Myanmar between 30 of May and 2 of June to identify potential work to support national efforts in transition to Democracy through the Project: “Accompanying Change, Fostering Democracy and Building Shared Societies in Myanmar”.
They met with Daw Aung San Suu Kyi who welcomes Club de Madrid efforts to support the democratic transition in Myanmar, Minister U Aung Min, responsible for the peace negotiations with the ethnic groups, new elected National League for Democracy members of their Executive Committee and other key national and international stakeholders in the country.
These two missions, the first one took place in February 2013- were intended to build trust among Burmese authorities, democratic movement, civil society, ethnic groups and other relevant stakeholders in order to identify a potential long-term initiative to provide Burmese leadership accompaniment, counsel and support in facing the daunting challenges of democratic transition, including the probable increased tensions as the country gets closer to the 2015 general elections.
The Club de Madrid assists in the identification of politically sustainable solutions to the challenges faced by today’s leaders, developing practical recommendations, action plans and implementation strategies. The direct exchanges with current leaders on a peer to peer basis, and the Member´s ability to deliver the right message at the right time are an essential part of its work and are the core of the Club de Madrid’s impact
When the Arab Spring emerged in 2011, Yemen was not one of the candidates tipped to end a revolutionary process successfully. It is a poor country with several problems on resources, highly dependent on oil and water-starved: 45% of its population has unimproved access to drinking water sources. Besides, Yemen is also facing difficult long term social challenges: high unemployment, and a high population growth rate.
Nor does the country present the best scenario for an integrated political change. It is a fractured state, with a strong tribal structure, that until 1990 was divided between North and South. Furthermore, Yemen has the world’s second highest rate of guns per capita: 61 per 100 residents (data is not available with some countries). So, the first effect of the uprisings against Ali Abdullah Saleh in 2011 was a situation bordering on a violent civil war.
But this time, gloomy perspectives can be proved wrong. As Thomas L. Friedman writes in The New York Times, Yemen is the best example among the “Arab Spring” countries of how to make a post-revolutionary political process, due to its National Dialogue initiative. Following elections in February 2012, new President Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi had a formal transfer of powers before Saleh announced his resignation. And, following an initiative of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Yemen launched a National Dialogue to discuss key constitutional, political, and social issues.
There are two main concepts in this idea. First, it is being done before writing the new Constitution and holding presidential elections. Yemen has six months to decide about its future. And second, this dialogue is making serious efforts to be called “National”. People of Yemen are being encouraged to know each other’s views and ideas: different political factions, new parties, young people, women, Islamists, tribes, northerners and southerners… as Friedman lists in his article. The Shared Societies Project specially celebrates this last idea.
The National Dialogue started past March 18, with 565 delegates tasked with developing recommendations to use in the new Constitution, that will be written by February 2014. These recommendations will address topics such as rights and freedoms, the role of the Army, women’s rights, or the relations between North and South. Also, the Yemenis have extended the debate to social networks. They are discovering politics and they are trying to be part of it.
“In the beginning, it was very tough”, said to the NY Times Yhia Al-Shaibi, former education minister. “But, after a while, things started getting calm, people were sitting together and eating together and we see our different views. Now we can hear what each other says. We are starting to listen to each other and try to come to consensus”.
The National Dialogue can be a powerful tool to make Yemen a Shared Society. The challenge looks difficult, but the first positive results are making it look a bit less difficult. The problems mentioned above (proliferation of guns, scarce water resources and unemployment) are still there, but a shared Constitution, a Constitution for all Yemenis, born from this Dialogue, can be a great step.
It is important that we remember that disadvantaged people do not only exist in marginalized ethnic groups but also can be from the same ethnic background as the most influential sections of society and this can create special problems. We can see this in South Africa which shows as many examples, angles and shared societies challenges as you can imagine. It is a nation of diversity with nearly 52 million people and a wide variety of cultures, languages and religious believes. The Apartheid regime took care of the white minority and oppressed the rest. And even today the whites (just around nine per cent of the population according to the 2011 census) run the economy and have a disproportionate amount of influence in politics and media plus the best houses and the best jobs.
According to the South African Institute of Race Relations the average annual income of black people in 2011 was 2.300 dollars; mixed raced (coloured), $4.300; asians, $7.700 (this is the racial group that has seen a higher growth in their income since the early nineties) and whites $17.500. But, beyond the statistics and under the surface, there is another kind of discrimination but also violence and anger: the one that a part of the working-class white people is suffering. According to the political activist Mandla Nyaqela, this is the after effect of the huge degree of selfishness and brutality that was shown towards the black population under apartheid, the past injustices suffered collectively by black people under the hands of white dominance, from colonialism through to apartheid.
Living close to that reality, the most vulnerable segments of the white minority is having a really hard time. According to a BBC video, 200.000 whites live in squatter camps with no water, no electricity and no social security for them. Unemployment is also becoming an issue as semi-skilled white people have little chance of getting a job when so many black South Africans are unemployed.
In this context, the economic rationale and Commitment X of the Shared Societies project “Take steps to reduce tensions and hostility between communities and ensure members of all communities are protected from abuse, intimidation and violence” take a bigger importance, but not only that one. All of the ten Shared Societies Project commitments have a powerful meaning in South Africa and should be implemented, taking the needed holistic approach. Even more in a situation where cases of murders and rapes among white farmers are continuously reported. In South Africa you are twice as likely to be murdered if you are a white farmer than if you are a police officer. The countryside is becoming a dangerous place to live for whites. There used to be 60.000 white farmers in South Africa. In 20 years that number has halved.
So the full picture shows a complex reality even for the powerful white minority. And also a challenging situation where the capacity of building a real shared society will be the key to provide opportunities to all its members regardless of their origins.
United Nations Social Development Network (UNSDN) interviewed Kim Campbell, Member of the Club de Madrid and former Prime Minister of Canada (1993). She talked about Shared Societies and the “empowerment of people”. Bellow is the full interview:
1. From your perspective, what would empowerment of people mean in practical terms?
In practical terms, empowered people are able to speak and act for themselves; they are able to take responsibility. The results are almost always positive. People, and the society they live in, are more vibrant and dynamic. People no longer have to wait and depend on others to solve their problems. And if people are able to take responsibility, they invariably act responsibly: they look after the community and the weaker members of the community; and that sense of community stretches wider and wider to those different from themselves; they look after the environment because they live in it and know the consequences of neglecting it or exploiting it in unsustainable ways; and they are more economically active and productive, feeling a sense of pride and ownership in the establishment where they work or the small enterprises they set up themselves.
2. Based on the Club de Madrid experience, what are the best methods for creating a sense of empowerment in people to eradicate poverty, achieve social integration, full employment and decent work for all?
I assume you know that the Club de Madrid is a network of former presidents and prime ministers (over 90 of us) who have experienced many of these issues first hand and now work with each other and with current leaders to find solutions to the challenges we face.
We are very aware that the reality is that many people are disempowered – they are maginalized and disadvantaged; they are unable to contribute to their society; and they become alienated and despondent. What a waste of human potential! Instead of contributing to society in the ways I have already mentioned, they become a burden on society. This is particularly evident for those who are seen as different either because of race, religion, ethnicity, language, gender, age, etc. They are often dismissed as irrelevant or even as a threat. Of course treating people like this only builds up problems.
It is much better to invest in building a society where everyone feels they have a place and that they belong. In the Club de Madrid we call this a Shared Society and we think it is such an important issue that we have established the Shared Societies Project to alert people to the importance of overcoming social divisions and providing ideas on how it can be done.
We know that marginalization has to be reversed. People need to be recognized as stakeholders: that they have a stake in their own land; their environment; their workplace; their children’s school; and so on. We talk about the importance of people having “voice” and by recognizing them as stakeholders one cannot deny them a voice. The International Labour Organisation Convention No.169 deals with the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples to be consulted about decisions and plans which affect them. Twenty two countries have ratified this convention and Peru for example has passed a law on the right of consultation for indigenous people.
Rights also need to be recognized In many countries traditionally land was held in common and so in modern times the land rights of indigenous people were often ignored. As a result they have not been able not invest in it or use it fully. Now these rights are being recognized Only last year the Indian Government agreed to protect the land rights of poor dalit and tribal communities, which could affect 400 million landless people. In my country, Canada, the First Nations have been able to use their land to establish successful businesses. Similarly in New Zealand the award of fishing quotas has allowed Māori to develop the biggest fishing company in the country to the benefit of both the Māori and the national economy. Not only have developments like these restored pride and confidence but the original inhabitants have gained renewed respect from the rest of the population. So a Shared Society (which is an empowered society) makes good sense.
We also know that people need to be able to act for themselves and that means that their rights have to be recognized and that discrimination has to be challenged.
Education is also important not least because people are better able to make informed decisions. I acknowledge that people without formal education have intuitively and through experience known what was needed for the good of their community, and I would not want to take away from that. But we also know that education makes a profound difference to people’s life chances and that access to education for young girls not only makes a huge difference to them but also to their future families.
Underneath it all the dignity of every individual has to be respected. If we respecting the dignity of others, we will be sensitive to their feelings, support their full participation in society and defend their rights.
3. Can inclusive social policies empower people?
The Shared Society Project has shown that building a shared or inclusive society is a benign circle and each development reinforce the others – if we respect others we are more open to ensure that people different from ourselves can play their full part in society, and as they play a full part in society we come to appreciate them, understand their needs and concerns and come to respect them.
So a Shared Society creates the opportunities and the space for people to take responsibility and become empowered. But it is also true that as people become empowered they are also able to influence society and ensure that it becomes more inclusive and shared. Empowerment in itself does not ensure social inclusion and a Shared Society, though it makes a significant contribution; while a Shared Society by definition is one that will ensure that all sections of that society are empowered to express and fulfill themselves.
Currently there is much discussion of the post-2015 Development Agenda to follow on from the Millennium Development Goals. Because of this benign circle in which social and economic inclusion and participation and empowerment are closely interlinked with all aspects of development, we are arguing strongly that these aspects need to be expressed in the new set of development goals.
4. What international norms would be helpful in encouraging governments to promote empowerment?
I think it should be clear from what I have said already that international norms and conventions do support and encourage governments to promote empowerment and shared societies. I mentioned already the ILO Convention 169on the rights of indigenous people and many other ILO Conventions also are helpful, as is its Decent Work Agenda and advocacy for social protection so that the state ensures that all people have not only a decent job but basic financial security.
The Universal Declaration on Human Rights and the many other statements of human rights are also very important in entrenching norms such as freedom of expression and freedom of assembly, though of course it would be invidious to pick out specific norms, because they all go together as a package to ensure that people are able to play a full part in and contribute to society.
I have also already mentioned the Millennium Development Goals and of course the UN Millennium Declaration was a very important reaffirmation of many rights which, if they are respected, promote empowerment and inclusion.
As I said earlier we see the search for a new set of Development Goals as an important opportunity to bring empowerment and Shared Societies into the centre of the discussion and show that they are themselves drivers of development. “Making poverty history” is of course important but it is not enough. If people are given a basic income, but are not able to fulfil themselves, make their own way in life and play a full part in society, then they will be left as discontented outsiders. We saw this recently in the Arab Awakening. While many people have been raised out of poverty in the last decade, inequality has increased and we know that extreme inequality drags a society down. On the other hand a Shared Society and empowered society enhances the possibility of meaningful development.
Sharing and empowerment should therefore be at the heart of development and that means we need to identify goals that advance communities in that direction. We can debate how those goals or norms should be expressed in the new development agenda. It could be a goal to increase political participation at all levels; it could be a goal that the rights of all sections of the society are protected; or it could be a goal that all communities have fair representation in the work force and/or fair access to land. With such provisions in place, all sections of society are then able to be involved in working together to achieve the other goals. Whatever goals we identify, they need to be tangible and measurable so that we know if they are being achieved. But we still have time to reach a consensus. The important immediate task is an agreement that we include goals related to inclusion and empowerment.
5. In what ways innovation and technology have an impact on empowerment?
Innovation and technology are already having an impact on empowerment, in particular information technology. I have mentioned the Arab awakening already and it was very much enabled by the use of social networks. People, often young people, who had no opportunity to participate in society through conventional means, were able to express themselves through social media and it proved to be a powerful and empowering tool.
Access to computers also means access to information and the possibility of making more informed decisions. We have heard of peasant farmers who are able to use text messaging to learn the state of the market which helps them to know how best to sell their crops. People also gain information about how their political leaders are performing. This keeps us on our toes. These are not small things. They make a difference.
But we must be careful. Many people do not have access to the modern communication tools and others have limited skills for using them. Basic literacy becomes even more important. We need to embrace technology but also ensure that disadvantaged and marginalized people acquire the skills to ensure that they are not farther disadvantaged and marginalized because they are not able to take up the new technologies available.
More widely, I am fascinated by the way other technologies are affecting disadvantaged marginalized communities. I am thinking of systems to keep food fresh; to grow crops with minimal water; to provide electricity through small scale renewable systems which replace dangerous and unhealthy kerosene lamps and stoves; and simple inoculations that prevent life threatening illnesses. The list goes on but it provides security at so many levels – health, food, physical, etc. We need to roll these simple technologies out and ensure they reach the more disadvantaged and marginalized and as a result they become empowered and part of a Shared Society.
The Shared Societies principles can be applied in multiple scenarios. This time, even at 7,470 meters of altitude. Near the submit of Mount Everest. The beginning of our reflection is an alleged fight between two famous European climbers, Ueli Steck and Simone Moro, and their Nepalese mountain guides, Sherpas, on the Everest.
Switzerland’s Steck and Italy’s Moro allegedly ignored orders to hold their climb and triggered an icefall which hit the Sherpas laying fixed ropes. The climbers deny this. They claim that they had been keeping a respectful distance so as not to disturb the work of the Sherpas laying ropes. The pair continued climbing, but later descended to Camp Two to “finish the discussion” and were met by more than 100 angry Sherpas, who began to beat them and throw rocks, Mr Steck said. He said they threatened to kill the climbers if they did not leave the camp. They escaped with no serious injuries.
A declaration of Mr Steck saying that the conflict was the symptom of a long-term problem of “cultures” brings the story closer to our Shared Societies view. As The Guardian indicates, the real story is how Sherpas are taking control, not only in the rockface but in society. A new generation that is now more confident and outspoken.
Now the word ‘sherpa’ can be used to any mountain guide. But its original meaning comes from the Nepalese ethnic minority, also called Sherpas, that lives on the Himalayas, the most mountainous region of Nepal. According to the 2001 Nepal census, there are 154,622 Sherpas living in the country. Almost 25,000 of them live on the areas near the Everest. They have been always used as guides due to their knownledge of the local terrain and their ability to cope with altitude makes them elite mountaineers. And for them, the work with the europeans that want to explore their hills is a much better way to make money than herding yaks or carrying loads for traders.
In 1953, the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay, the first man to climb Everest with Sir Edmund Hillary, was even in those days agitating for better working conditions for Sherpas. They did not want to be treated as servants who could be dismissed. The Everest pioneers presented them as a proud, resourceful people and with a high sense of honour.
Now, the modern Sherpas have reached good levels of development thanks to the tourism industry. Many of them have their business in Kathmandu, they live there and they send their children to the best private schools in the region. They are also spreading their investments. As The Guardian says, for instance, one of Nepal’s big two domestic airlines is owned by a Sherpa -a relevant statistic if we take into consideration that Sherpas represent only 0,5% of the whole Nepalese population.
And the Sherpas of the 21st Century want for themselves the progress and the control of how their mountains are managed. About the progress issue, Tashi Sherpa claims in The Guardian article: “Do you still want Sherpas to be the same, uneducated, simple folk? No. We want our children to be educated to go out into the world (…). How can you deny Sherpas electricity? Or access to computers and the internet? We need these things to face the pressures of the modern world. Does it change Sherpa culture? Of course. But there are ways for us to assimilate the best that the west offers and mix it with our own unique heritage.”
Young Sherpas are developing in Nepalese society and politics. They are taking part on the janajatti movement, an alliance of indigenous ethnic groups that want to increase their political participation against the monarchy’s yoke. As Tashi Sherpa says: “There are going to be some serious changes in the next election and hopefully it will be for the better. We want change, we’re the marginalised ones and we want social inclusion. These are noble sentiments.”
We also hope that they achieve greater social inclusion and that Nepal achieves a Shared Society.
Photo: The Planet D
From 26 to 28 April, Shared Societies Project Content and Policy Coordinator –Clem McCartney- was able to join a group of Colombian academics and activists meeting in Derry, Ireland, with similar people from Northern Ireland to consider lessons which might be drawn from the Northern Ireland Peace Process for the current negotiations between the Government of Colombia and FARC. It was intended that following the discussions the Colombian participants would develop proposals to assist the current negotiations.
The formal negotiations have taken the form of exploratory meetings during 2012 and they have developed a General Agreement for the Termination of the Conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Lasting Peace. This document has laid out an agenda:
- Integrated agricultural development policy,
- Poliitical Particpation,
- End of Conflict.
- Solution to the Problem of Illicit Drugs
The general view in the discussions in Derry was that the parties are serious about the talks but it was stressed that there are many others with a stake in the future of Colombia, including the campesinos, and some such as the paramilitary forces which could undermine any agreement. There concerns also need to be taken into account. It was said by one Colombian participant that the talks did provide civil society with an opportunity to raise the concerns of other groups and ensure that they are included in the National Debate. This was close to the point that Clem McCartney made – that for a sustainable society a holistic approach is needed which includes all stakeholders and their concerns.
There is some signs that this wider perspective can become part of the Government/FARC negotiations or become a parallel process. It is a positive sign that some elements of the agreed agenda are also featured in the Ten Commitments for a Shared Society. The agreement has also agreed that “there should be the widest possible participation and a mechanism will be established to receive [...] proposals on the Agenda”. It recognises that “Construction of peace is a matter for society as a whole”, that “Respect for Human Right should be promoted”, that “Economic development with social justice and in harmony with the environment is a guarantee for peace and progress” and that “Social development with equity and well-being … allows growing as a country”.
These are all welcome statements and auger well for the establishment of a stable shared society. Progress will need to be monitored closely and efforts made to ensure consideration of how to meet the other Shared Societies Commitments. At this stage one can wish the negotiators well and offer support, as well as support for the efforts of civila society to ensure it is a truly inclusive process.
Photo: Colombia Peace March; AP Photo/Ariana Cubillos
Today, 21st of May, is the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development, following the Universal Declaration of Cultural Diversity that UNESCO adopted in 2001. This year, they have launched a campaign called “Do one thing for diversity and inclusion”. Their idea is that, if everyone does One Thing, we will create a more peaceful planet.
Do you fancy participating? If you don’t know what to do, here are ten simple ideas that the campaign’s Facebook page proposes:
- Spread the word
- Lear another language
- Learn about world celebrations
- Make traditional food
- Play a sport related to a different culture
- Listen to a new musical tradition
- Watch an international movie
- Lear about another religion
- Visit an art exhibit or museum
Also, you can follow this list of recommendations that the campaign launched in 2012. Happy Day!